Car batteries, just like every other component of the cars do get obsolete, damaged, or faulty. If and when these issues arise, they are rendered ineffective and may therefore not discharge their functions as required. They therefore inevitably have to be replaced.
The procedures described below are centered on the subject matter of how to replace a car battery. They describe the two main phases of such undertaking as well as the step-by-step guide of going about the issue altogether.
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This is a very dangerous procedure that ought to be carried out with utmost caution. It may be actualized in the following five main steps:
Step 1: Turn off your car’s Engine
It is important that you turn off your car’s engine as a matter of first priority. You should follow this by shutting off the engine completely and placing the car in a ‘park mode’ i.e. with the parking brakes on.
Step 2: Open the Hood to access the Old Battery
Switch off your car engine. Proceed to open the hood wherein the battery is located. Check whether all the wiring and connections are intact before proceeding with the subsequent steps.
Step 3: Identify the Precise Location of the Old Battery
The precise location of the car batteries may vary from car to car. Examine your hood carefully to locate your old car battery.
Step 4: Identify and disconnect the Battery Terminals
Once you have traced the battery, identify the two battery terminals i.e. the positive and the negative terminals respectively.
NB: The positive terminal is marked with a (+) sign and is painted red. The negative terminal, on the other hand, is marked with a (-) sign and is painted black.
For the sake of uniformity, it is recommended that you, first of all, detach the negative terminal and then proceed to disconnect the positive terminal thereafter. To do these, you may use a set of pliers, battery or combination wrench.
Step 5: Pull out the Connecting Cables
Using a battery terminal puller, twist and then pull the end of the connecting cable which attaches the battery. This procedure ensures that no current flows from the battery to the car interior, and with it, any possibilities of shocks or electrocution.
PS: You are strongly advised against using screwdrivers as they may inflict damages to the terminals and render them ineffective.
Step 6: Cover the Cable Ends with Cloth
You are strongly advised to cover the cable ends with a piece of cloth as soon as the cables have been removed. This is to forestall any direct metal-to-metal contacts besides protecting the car’s electrical systems from the risks of short circuiting.
Step 7: Safely Remove the Car Battery
Remove the battery hold-down clamp by use of a ratchet, socket, or a combination wrench. Proceed to remove the battery from its tray. Use the handle because batteries are ordinarily very heavy. You may also enlist the assistance of friends and family members in case you have back problems or the battery proves to be too heavy for you.
Step 1: Clean the Battery Tray and Clamps
The battery tray is usually a hotbed of corrosion and debris. Take advantage of this vacancy by clearing such trash. Use the baking soda, battery cleaning solutions, or any other cleaning mixtures. Do this to the battery connectors also.
NB: In case these parts are severely corroded, you may consider a complete overhaul in this stage.
Step 2: Insert and Secure the New Battery
Insert the new battery into the place where you removed the previous battery. Spray the positive and the negative terminals using an anti-corrosion solution. Proceed to align the positive and the negative terminals in their rightful positions. Secure the new battery in its place by reconnecting all the various clamps, screws, and bars that held the old battery in place thereafter.
Step 3: Re-establish the Previous Connections
Re-establish the pre-existing connections to the car’s interior. Reconnect the cables, hold downs, and electrical connections that had previously existed. Tighten those connections by the use of the wrench.
Step 4: Grease the Terminals
Apply grease to the terminals to prevent the connections from developing corrosions or any other elements of wear and tear. The Lithium grease is the preferred agent for this purpose as it is very handy and effective in doing the same.
Step 5: Close the Hood
Close the hood of the car carefully once you are done with inserting and installing the new battery.
Step 6: Test the New Battery
Check that the new battery is well connected and properly working. Do this by checking all the built-in electronic devices such as the car radio, speakers, flash drives, and players. In case they do not function as required, you may have to re-evaluate your battery connections as second time.
PS: Batteries are very dangerous. You should, therefore, see to it that you effectively dispose of the old battery in order to spare the small children and unsuspecting persons of the associated dangers of direct contact with them.
Step 7: Turn on the engine
Turn on the engine once again and try to ignite the car to ascertain that the batteries can indeed perform. Make any necessary changes thereafter.
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Replacing car batteries is a potentially disastrous undertaking owing to their dangerous nature. As such, the intervention of a qualified mechanic is by all means necessary. It is only then that the dangers of electrocution or acid burns may be effectively mitigated.